There was a discussion thread on synth-diy about the lowest parts count multimode VCF that doesn't use a CEM type chip (does this remind us that some of us need to get a life?) Anyway, here's my low parts count multimode VCF that sounds good and fat.
It's a pretty standard cookbook design with Vactrol 5C2's substituted for the resistors that control cutoff frequency.
UPDATE! I have layed out an updated version (REV3) of this board. First revision in over 15 years....Tested working.
FILES AVAILABLE FOR THIS:
NOTES ON BUILDING THE VACTROL VCF:
If you want a PCB, contact me using contacts tab, I'll send you one if I have something left over, cover my shipping costs or just send the gerbers off to your favorite fab house and get a few made. Then let me know how it goes, I will post info here... It's a simple board, this is very straightforward stuff, but for me, normal 5V P/P signal inputs may cause the output to distort, especially at high-Q settings. Adjust the voltage divider at input to accommodate your setup. You may need to R11 can be anywhere between 10K and 7K or so, experiment with that to set the initial cutoff frequency. Also for modular freaks: you probably want to add a 1K resistor in series with buffered output--otherwise if an audio output goes to a dead short you will heat up the op amps and maybe fry them. You may want to gain up the output regardless--I may do a rev 4 to accommodate that; easiest I figure would be to just add op amps to each output stage with an appox 6db gain.
About using this VCF: Well it doesn't sound that good at every setting.
Some of the Q=1 sort of settings sound a bit thin. It won't oscillate, but you can mess around with the resistors in the feedback network (R10; R8) and change the amount of Q for the circuit and make it squeal if you really want. As far as mods, I parallelled another 10K on top of R10 and put a switch on it to take the new value in and out of the circuit, which added a bit of sharpness to the Q--a sort of "turbo-Q" switch. To further muck with the Q, experiment with the value pot that goes between "Q" and "Q Ret". I used 100K linear for the Q pot, see the wiring diagram. To tune this to your setup, you can adjust the input levels with R12/R13, and control the overall cutoff freq. modulation amounts with R18, R5, and R1....the 5C2's give it a sloppy, slow, phat sort of feel, which is good for certain audio applications and not for others. I found that 5C2's are not all created equal, so you may need to experiment with parts values C1 and C2 as well to get the sound you want or try different 5C2's in the circuit until you get a sound you like.